- Product Specification
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Aspartame is an amino acid that, along with saccharin, is the most popular sweetener in the food industry. The amount of sweetness in Aspartame is much more than the sugar in sugarcane and it has much fewer calories than natural sugar.
For this reason, a small amount of it can be a good substitute for natural sugar, this artificial sweetener compound is widely used in the production of energy drinks and food products.
Aspartame was first discovered by a pharmacist in 1965 and its use has increased over time so that it was also used in the pharmaceutical industry. aspartame is used in the production of drugs in pill form. It is used as an additive in various antibiotics and anti-sleep and anti-vomiting loans.
The chemical structure of this amino acid is as follows:
In the following, we will become more familiar with the physicochemical properties, effects, and applications of this amino acid.
Similar product: Ascorbic Acid
Physical and chemical properties:
Under standard conditions, aspartame is in the form of powder or white crystals that have no specific odor or taste, this artificial sweetener is more stable in dry conditions and decomposes at high temperatures. C14H18N2O5 is the chemical formula of this material.
The most important physical and chemical properties of aspartame can be summarized in the following table:
|Molecular weight (g/mol)||294.3|
|Melting point (ºC)||250|
|Boiling point (ºC)||Decomposes|
|Solubility in water (mg/mL at 25 °C)||20|
Synthesis and production:
Aspartame can be produced by two different non-enzymatic and enzymatic methods. In the enzymatic method, which is the most common method of producing this amino acid, the reaction takes place between an ester and an acid. (Benzyloxy carbonyl and phenylalanine methyl ester), the use of a compound such as calcium chloride is recommended to perform the reaction better.
Applications and uses of Aspartame:
As mentioned, the main use of aspartame is in the production of food products, especially beverages and foods used by athletes, this amino acid decomposes at high temperatures and acids and cannot be used in the production of bread or cakes. The products that are often used in the production of this sweetener are as follows:
- Dietary products such as sugar-free drinks;
- Low-calorie juices;
- Sugar-free chewing gum;
- Low-calorie dairy products.
Diabetic patients should consult a specialist to include foods and beverages containing low-calorie sweeteners such as aspartame in their diet.
In the pharmaceutical industry, this Amino acid is widely used in the production of cough pills and drugs.
Aspartame and sugar:
As mentioned, aspartame is a protein that is much sweeter than sugar and has far fewer calories.it can be a sugar substitute because it is sweeter than sugar, food manufacturers also use this protein, for example, in frozen desserts, this artificial sweeter compound is used instead of natural sugar.
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In 2013, many studies and researches were conducted in Europe to find out the effects of aspartame, and the results showed that this substance is safe in the daily consumption of 40 mg per kg of human weight, but in fact, the consumption of this amino acid can cause adverse effects or risks to human health, the most important of which we will discuss below:
Some experiments on people who have used this substance for a long time have shown that this sweetener can have effects such as weight gain on people.
Studies and researches show that this chemical increases appetite by disrupting the process and activity of the body’s signals.
Continued use of this substance can cause unpleasant feelings or diseases such as headache, dizziness, depression, Alzheimer’s, or even cancer.
Prolonged exposure to this substance can cause shortness of breath, high blood pressure, and increase heart rate.
Aspartame and cancer:
A research institute in the United States has described the use of this chemical in animals as carcinogenic, and some studies have considered this substance to cause tumors or carcinogens in humans, which, of course, has been opposed by the general public. The US Food and Drug Administration considers the substance safe.
Transporting and storage:
Store it in a cool and dry place, away from heat and direct sunlight.
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: Aspartame (APM) is an artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages. It is a methyl ester of the aspartic acid/phenylalanine dipeptide.
Product Name: Aspartame
CAS Number: 22839-47-0
E Number: E951