Organic chemicals and their importanceshanghaimetex
Organic chemistry is one of the broadest branches of chemistry that studies chemical compounds including carbon. Organic chemicals constitute a wide range of substances that are directly related to human life.
Carbohydrates, Fats, and proteins are among the organic compound that is abundant in the human body and this shows the importance of the organic matter. They are in this category.
The structure of living organisms other than water is mainly made of organic matter, the molecules discussed in the biology of our molecules are organic molecules.
Today we live in a carbon era, every day newspapers and magazines turn our minds to carbon compounds such as cholesterol, unsaturated fats, hormones, insecticides.
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Organic chemicals definition; What is the meant by organic chemicals?
As mentioned, organic chemistry studies carbon-based chemical compounds, which include living or non-living substances such as plastics and drugs.
In general, carbon can chemically be bonded to different atoms in four ways. The combination of carbon with hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen atoms, amines, ketones, and alcohols is a topic that is of interest to chemistry.
Nowadays, this compound can be prepared through industrial or laboratory methods.
Oil and coal are important sources of organic matter from which simpler organic matter can be supplied.
What are organic chemicals used for?
A wide range of important industries use organic compounds and its chemistry plays a significant role in these industries. paint, clothing, petrochemical, plastics, medicine, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries are the most important of these industries.
Organic chemicals that vaporize readily:
Organic chemicals that have carbon atoms in their structure and are easily converted to gas are generally called VOCs. Toluene, benzene, and methylene chloride are in this category.
Volatile organic compounds are disturbing pollutants in groundwater and have the potential to adversely affect the environment or human health. The presence of these compounds in water is controlled according to the rules and standards of ambient water quality, due to health risk factors.
The most important Organic chemicals compounds and their uses:
Organic chemicals, regardless of their physical state, have similar properties in some cases. In the following, we will introduce the most important organic compounds and their applications:
The most important organic compound is methane, a chemical compound used in the production of composite inks, chloroform, and formaldehyde.
The second most important compound is butane. This material is used as a kind of fuel.
Ethylene is another compound used as a preservative in the food industry.
Polyethylene is another compound that is included in this list, mainly the electrical resistance of this compound is used in the production of cables and wires.
Formic acid is also an important organic compound that is used as a preservative in the production of juices, the leather industry, and rubber.
Organic chemical reactions:
In general, the reactions of those participants are organic compounds, called organic reactions, these types of reactions are divided into different categories based on the mechanism of action.
The reactions that take place during dehydration and hydrogenation are usually called additive reactions. Other important reactions that are considered organic reactions are elimination reactions, substitution reactions, and rearrangement.